I should start out by saying I am a huge fan of Dr. Greg L. Bahnsen. He has a legendary status as a Christian apologist, and I think that status is well deserved. But Dr. Bahnsen was not so good as a theologian. He taught theonomy, which I will show to be an error in this post. Theonomy is defined as:
When I was a kid I was told that the Bible was God’s word. All of it. Even though critical scholarship has rejected the idea that the Bible is the inspired word of God since the 1800s, most people in churches, (including my parents), are not educated about critical scholarship. This means the continue to believe, and teach their children, that everything in the Bible is God’s written word. So I thought in this post, that I’d do my part to spread the word about modern Biblical scholarship. Continue reading
In this post I want to lay out the New Testament canon I accept, for the purpose of discussing religious issues. I accept the canon accepted by the majority of New Testament scholars. The authentic writings of Paul are Romans, First Corinthians, Second Corinthians, Galatians, Philippians, First Thessalonians, and Philemon. In addition to these, much of what we find in the synoptic Gospels, Matthew, Mark, and Luke, is trustworthy. I consider these books in the New Testament to contain some accurate information about God, though they all contain a lot that is not true about God as well. The rest of the New Testament is complete forgery and fabrication.
If you would like to learn more about what is considered authentic in the New Testament by the majority of New Testament scholars, I highly recommend The New Oxford Annotated Bible with Apocrypha: New Revised Standard Version, especially their introductions to each of the New Testament books. In addition, Bart Ehrman’s book Forged has a lot of information on this subject.
The issue of authorship is also discussed in these Wikipedia articles:
I present this information so that those discussing religious differences with me, will know they must restrict themselves to the books considered authentic by the majority of New Testament scholars. And even then, I consider all the books of the New Testament to contain many errors.
Of interest regarding the Old Testament forgery and fabrication:
This article from Dr. Norman L. Geisler’s Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics, is titled Prophecy as Proof of the Bible. It documents many of the Bible’s miraculously predictive prophecies, and explains that the Bible is peerless in this regard:
Prophecy, as Proof of the Bible. One of the strongest evidences that the Bible is inspired by God (see Bible, Evidences for) is its predictive prophecy. Unlike any other book, the Bible offers a multitude of specific predictions—some hundreds of years in advance—that have been literally fulfilled or else point to a definite future time when they will come true. In his comprehensive catalogue of prophecies, Encyclopedia of Biblical Prophecies, J. Barton Payne lists 1817 predictions in the Bible, 1239 in the Old Testament and 578 in the New (674–75). Continue reading
This except from Dr. Norman L. Geisler’s article Prophecy as Proof of the Bible, from his Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics, documents a miraculous fulfillment of Bible prophecy by Jesus Christ:
While it wasn’t recognized until after the fact, one of the most precise predictions in Scripture gives the very year in which the Christ would die. Daniel was speaking of both the exile of Israel and the atonement for sin when he recorded a prayer of confession for the sins of his people (9:4–19) and a vision in response in which the angel Gabriel gave to Daniel the following foresight (9:24–26):
Seventy “sevens” are decreed for your people and your holy city to finish transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for wickedness, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy. Know and understand this: From the issuing of the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One [Messiah], the ruler, comes, there will be seven “sevens,” and sixty-two “sevens.” . . . After the sixty-two “sevens,” the Anointed One will be cut off.
The context indicates that Daniel knew he was speaking of years, since he was meditating on the “number of years” that God had revealed to Jeremiah that Jerusalem would lay waste, namely, “seventy years” (vs. 2). God then told Daniel that it would be 7 x 70 (years) before the Messiah would come and be cut off (die).
Artaxerxes ordered Nehemiah “to restore and rebuild Jerusalem” (Dan. 9:25; cf. Nehemiah 2) in 445/444 b.c. From that year, rather than the earlier date when Cyrus approved only the rebuilding of the temple (Ezra 1:3), Daniel predicted that it would be 483 years to the time of Christ’s death. Taking the widely accepted date of 33 for the crucifixion (see Hoehner), would be 483 years exactly:
Seven sevens plus sixty-two sevens is 69 x 7 = 483
444 + 33 = 477
Add six years to compensate for the five days in a solar year not in the lunar year followed by Israel (5 x 477 = 2385 days or 6+ years).
477 + 6 = 483 years
This assumes Daniel’s 490 (70 x 7) is not a round number, which is possible. The Bible frequently rounds its numbers (see Bible, Alleged Errors in; Chronology, Problems in the Bible). In either event, Daniel’s prediction takes us to the very time of Christ.
Geisler, Norman L.: Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics.Grand Rapids,Mich. : Baker Books, 1999 (Baker Reference Library), S. 612
In response to this question, I’ll post the article The Position that Miracles Ceased, from the Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics. Then I’ll follow by explaining that we can see miracles of God today, through studying Bible prophecy fulfillments. Continue reading